Gangaikonda Cholapuram

Gangaikonda Cholapuram

Gangaikonda Cholapuram - History

Book Travels Madurai - Thanjavur Gangaikonda Cholapuram.

Gaṅgaikoṇḍa Chōḻapuram is a town situated close to Jayankondam, Ariyalur region, Tamil Nadu, India. It turned into the capital of the Chola line in c. 1025 by Chola sovereign Rajendra I, and filled in as the capital for around 250 years.The town is about roughly 125 kilometers (78 mi) upper east of Tiruchirapalli global air terminal. Starting around 2014, the old city exists as a legacy town in the Ariyalur locale of Tamil Nadu, India. The incomparable Arulmigu Peruvudaiyar Temple at this spot is next just to the Arulmigu Peruvudaiyar Kovil at Thanjavur in its amazing nature and outperforms it in sculptural quality. It has been perceived as a World Heritage site by UNESCO .

The city was established by Rajendra I to honor his triumph over the Pala Dynasty. The name implies The town of the chola who took over Ganga (water from Ganga) or who crushed (the lords close) Ganga. It is presently a little town, its previous prominence just recalled by the presence of the incomparable Lord Maha Shiva Temple. The Chola domain incorporated the entire of southern India to the stream Thungabadhra in the north. For regulatory and key purposes they constructed another capital and named it Gangaikonda Cholapuram.


The city appears to had two fortresses, one inward and the other external. The external was most likely more extensive. The remaining parts of the external stronghold should be visible as a hill running overall around the royal residence.

Unearthings recommend that the external fortress was worked of consumed blocks, was around six to eight feet wide. It comprised of two walls, the interceding space (the center) being loaded up with sand. The blocks are genuinely huge in size and are made of all around consumed earth. Tamilnadu State Archeological Department has taken up new unearthings to test a close by town named Ayudhkalam which is accepted to have weapon fabricating studios, as the name propose.

The enduring sanctuary in Gangaikonda Cholapuram was finished in 1035 CE. Rajendra copied the sanctuary worked by his dad after his triumph in a mission across India that Chola time texts state covered Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, and Bengal. After his triumph, he requested that the crushed realms send pots of Ganges River water and empty it into the well of this sanctuary.

The purposes behind the city's annihilation are hazy. As indicated by Vansanthi, the Pandyas who crushed the Cholas during the later piece of the thirteenth 100 years "may have demolished the city to the ground" to vindicate their past losses. Nonetheless, it is hazy why different sanctuaries were obliterated and this sanctuary was saved, as well as why there are around 20 engravings from later Cholas, Pandyas and Vijayanagar Empire prosecuting different gifts and awards to this temple.[8] An other hypothesis connects the annihilation to the strikes and wars, especially with the intrusion of the capital city and the regions that were before a section by the Chola Empire alongside Madurai by the militaries of Delhi Sultanate drove by the Muslim commandant Malik Kafur in 1311, trailed by Khusrau Khan in 1314 and Muhammad receptacle Tughlaq in 1327. The period that followed saw battles between the Hindu rulers and the Muslim Sultans who withdrew the Delhi Sultanate and cut out new nation, for example, the close by Madurai Sultanate (1335-1378).The Vijayanagara Empire crushed the Madurai Sultanate in 1378 and this sanctuary alongside other Chola time sanctuaries from there on went under Hindu lords again who fixed and reestablished a considerable lot of them. The sanctuary has been re-blessed in 2017 with establishment of a dwajasthambam and performing maha kumbhabhishekam.


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